The Australian Centre for International Justice, joined 191 other human rights organisations to support Palestinian families in Sheikh Jarrah, occupied East Jerusalem, in their request to the International Criminal Court Prosecutor to investigate forced evictions as part of the Prosecutor’s open investigation into war crimes and crimes against humanity in Palestine. Specifically, the families called on the Office of the Prosecutor to include as part of its investigation the related war crimes and crimes against humanity, including forcible transfer, appropriation of property, persecution, apartheid, and other inhumane acts causing great suffering or serious injury arising from their forced evictions

The letter represents 28 Palestinian families constituting approximately 500 Palestinians from the Sheikh Jarrah neighbourhood in occupied East Jerusalem, who are facing imminent forced displacement. For many of the families, these evictions would constitute their second or third forced displacement since the 1948 Nakba. The letter outlines that following the ruling of Israeli courts in favour of eviction lawsuits undertaken by a settler organisation, 87 Palestinians in the neighbourhood are at imminent risk of forced eviction including four families by 2 May 2021 and three other families by 1 August 2021.

The Sheikh Jarrah families continue to endure a lengthy, exhausting, and unaffordable legal battle since 1972 in order to confront the eviction lawsuits brought against them by a settler organisation before Israeli courts, which unlawfully apply Israeli discriminatory domestic law to the occupied territory. The families are now pursuing accountability before the ICC.

The Sheikh Jarrah families called on the Office of the Prosecutor to publicly condemn the imminent forced evictions of Palestinians in the Sheikh Jarrah neighbourhood and urgently investigate this case within the Situation of Palestine and intervene to forestall the displacement of these Palestinian families from their homes.


22 April 2021

Ms. Fatou Bensouda, Prosecutor
Office of the Prosecutor
International Criminal Court
Oude Waalsdorperweg 10

The Hague, The Netherlands

Urgent: Investigate Imminent Forced Evictions in Sheikh Jarrah

Dear Ms. Fatou Bensouda,

We, the undersigned, are representatives of 500 Palestinian refugees residing in the Karm Al-Ja’ouni area of the Sheikh Jarrah neighbourhood in occupied East Jerusalem, Palestine, at risk of forced eviction by Israel, the Occupying Power. Amidst this global pandemic, eight families totalling 87 Palestinians, are at imminent risk of forced eviction. Unlawfully applying Israeli domestic law to an occupied territory, Israeli courts have ruled in favour of lawsuits undertaken by settler organisations to evict the eight Palestinian families. Israel’s Jerusalem District Court has ordered four families to leave their homes by 2 May 2021 and three other families by 1 August 2021.1 For this reason, immediate action by your Office is necessary to forestall the displacement of these Palestinian families from their homes in East Jerusalem.

We, and the endorsing organizations, call on your Office to include the imminent forced displacement of Palestinians from Sheikh Jarrah as part of the open investigation, and the related war crimes and crimes against humanity on the territory of Palestine of which this action is but the latest example. Specifically, we ask that you include as part of the investigation the war crimes of forcible transfer of parts of the population of the occupied territory (art. 8(2)(b)(viii) and 8(2)(a)(vii)), transfer by the Occupying Power of parts of its civilian population into the territory it occupies (art. 8(2)(b)(viii)), destruction and appropriation of property not justified by military necessity and carried out unlawfully (art. 8(2)(a)(iv))  and, as these forced evictions are part of an ongoing, widespread and systematic attack against Palestinian civilians, the crimes against humanity of deportation or forcible transfer (art. 7.1(d)), persecution (art. 7.1(h)), apartheid (art. 7.1(j)) and other inhumane acts causing great suffering or serious injury to inter alia mental health (art. 7.1(k)).

In 2018, the Office of the Prosecutor issued a statement expressing concern regarding the planned eviction of the Bedouin community of Khan al-Ahmar “and with it the prospects for further escalation and violence,” and put Israel on notice “that extensive destruction of property without military necessity and population transfers in an occupied territory constitute war crimes under the Rome Statute.”2 With the Court’s jurisdiction over the territory of the State of Palestine – Gaza and the West Bank, including East Jerusalem – confirmed,3 and an investigation underway,4 we call upon your Office to urgently focus on this component of the investigation before the Palestinian residents of Sheikh Jarrah suffer imminent and irreparable harm due to Israel’s settlement-related criminal activities.


During the 1948 War, we were forcibly displaced from our homes in Palestinian towns, cities, and villages that are today inside the Green Line, and following the establishment of the State of Israel, have been denied our inalienable right to return to our homes and properties. In 1956, 28 Palestinian refugee families moved to the Karm Al-Ja’ouni area of Sheikh Jarrah in East Jerusalem as part of an agreement between the government of Jordan and the United Nations Relief and Works Agency (UNRWA). The agreement stipulated that the Jordanian government would provide land, that UNRWA would sponsor the construction of housing units for us on this land, and that we would receive legal title to the properties after three years. The legal title of the property was never transferred to us. Rather, since Israel occupied and illegally annexed East Jerusalem in 1967, all Palestinian Jerusalemites have been subjected to a coercive environment designed to transform Jerusalem’s demographic composition to secure Israeli-Jewish control over Jerusalem and drive out Palestinians. Today, the Karm Al-Ja’ouni area is home to at least 72 Palestinian households of approximately 500 people, and we all face the threat of a second forced displacement.

The eviction orders by Israeli courts in favour of the settler organisation Nahalat Shimon International in our neighbourhood have been facilitated by the 1970 Legal and Administrative Matters Law, which exclusively allows Jewish Israelis to pursue claims to land and property allegedly owned by the Jewish population in East Jerusalem before the establishment of the State of Israel in 1948.5 Utilising this law, the Israeli Custodian General in 1972 transferred the ownership of the Karm Al-Ja’ouni land we have been residing on since 1956 to two Jewish Committees. In the 1990s, the two Jewish Committees sold their ownership rights to Nahalat Shimon International, a private settler organisation, which does not have ties to the original alleged Jewish owners. The settler organisation has vigorously worked to bring eviction lawsuits against us.

Current Situation in Sheikh Jarrah: Imminent Forced Displacement

Three families totalling 67 people were already forcibly evicted from our neighbourhood in 2009, with the support of the Israeli police. Following these evictions, the settler organisation, Nahalat Shimon International, submitted a Town Plan Scheme to the Jerusalem Local Planning Commission of the Jerusalem Municipality for the establishment of a new settlement in our neighbourhood. The Plan proposed to evict the Palestinian residents, demolish their houses, and later construct 200 settlement units for Jewish Israeli settlers.6

In addition to the threat of losing our homes, we have been enduring a lengthy, exhausting, and unaffordable legal struggle to challenge the eviction lawsuits filed against us by settler organisations in Israeli courts since 1972. Given the discriminatory and untransparent nature of the Israeli legal system as applied in the occupied territory, we are systematically denied access to justice or any effective remedy.

If the forced evictions move forward, we will be subjected to other Israeli policies that together make-up Israeli practices that result in the widespread and systematic transfer of the Palestinian Jerusalemite population. If we set up a tent outside our houses, the Israeli occupying forces will demolish it, as part of its widespread and systematic policy of demolition of Palestinian property. If we rent a home outside Jerusalem because we cannot afford to rent in Jerusalem, we will be at risk of having our residency status revoked and not be allowed to enter Jerusalem, pursuant to Israel’s residency revocation policy, which requires Palestinian Jerusalemites to constantly prove their “center of life” is in the city.


We welcome the 3 March 2021 announcement by your Office on the opening of a full criminal investigation into the Situation in Palestine. This is a long-awaited and a critically important step towards ensuring the rule of law and ending impunity, while ensuring accountability for Israel’s crimes within the jurisdiction of the Court.

As part of that investigation, we call on your Office to:

  1. Publicly condemn the imminent forced evictions of Palestinians in Sheikh Jarrah neighbourhood and urgently investigate this case within the Situation of Palestine;
  2. Warn those perpetrators most responsible for the conduct in question that their policies and actions in occupied East Jerusalem, which aim at manipulating the city’s demographic character in favour of Israeli-Jewish domination, may constitute war crimes and crimes against humanity within the jurisdiction of the Court;
  3. Operating under Part 9 of the Rome Statute, call upon Jordan and Palestine, as ICC States Parties, to cooperate with your Office in providing any documents relevant to the investigation of the imminent forced evictions in Sheikh Jarrah; and
  4. Take any appropriate action, within the confines of the exercise of your mandate under the Rome Statute, to prevent the Palestinian protected population in the Karm Al-Ja’ouni area of Sheikh Jarrah from being displaced and dispossessed for the second time.

We remain at your disposal and stand ready to provide further information to assist the investigation.

Yours sincerely,

The 28 families of the Sheikh Jarrah neighborhood in occupied East Jerusalem

Read the letter to the ICC Prosecutor here.


List of endorsing Palestinian, Israeli, regional and international human rights organisations; Palestinian coalitions representing over 150 Palestinian civil society organisations; solidarity groups for Palestine; faith-based groups; indigenous groups; racial justice groups; and student groups:

  1. Academics for Palestine (Ireland)
  2. ACT Conflict Resolution
  3. Adalah Justice Project
  4. Addameer. Prisoner Support and Human Rights Association
  5. AISHA Association for Woman and Child Protection
  6. Al Mezan Center for Human Rights
  7. Al-Awda New York, The Palestine Right to Return Coalition
  8. Al-Awda, The Palestine Right to Return Coalition (PRRC)
  9. Al-Haq, Law in the Service of Man
  10. Alrowwad Cultural and Arts Society
  11. American Muslim Bar Association (AMBA)
  12. American Muslims for Palestine
  13. American Muslims for Palestine of New Jersey (AMP NJ)
  14. American-Arab Anti-Discrimination Committee (ADC)
  15. American-Arab Anti-Discrimination Committee Georgia Chapter
  16. Applied Research Institute-Jerusalem
  17. Arab Agronomists Association
  18. Arab Canadian Lawyers Association
  19. Arab Center for Agricultural Development (ACAD)
  20. Arab Lawyers Association (UK)
  21. Arab Organization for Human Rights (AOHR)
  22. Asia Pacific Center for Integral Study of Life
  23. Asociación Americana de Juristas
  24. Association Belgo-Palestinienne WB
  25. Association France Palestine Solidarité (AFPS)
  26. Association Suisse-Palestine
  27. AssoPacePalestina (Italy)
  28. Australian Centre for International Justice
  29. Avaaz
  30. B’Tselem – The Israeli Information Center for Human Rights in the Occupied Territories
  31. Bisan Center for Research and Development
  32. Boycott from Within (Israeli citizens for BDS)
  33. Broederlijk Delen
  34. Cairo Institute for Human Rights Studies (CIHRS)
  35. Canada Palestine Association
  36. Canadian BDS Coalition
  37. Canadians for Justice and Peace in the Middle East (CJPME)
  38. Center for Constitutional Rights (USA)
  39. Civil Liberties Defense Center
  40. Coalition on Law and Representation at NYU Law
  41. Columbia Law Students for Palestine
  42. Columbia University South Asian Feminisms Alliance
  43. Columbia University Students for Justice in Palestine
  44. Columbia-Barnard Jewish Voices for Peace
  45. Combatants for Peace
  46. Comité de Solidaridad con la Causa Árabe (CSCA)
  47. Community Action Center- Al-Quds University
  48. Community Media Center
  49. Council for Arab-British Understanding (Caabu)
  50. CRED/GIGI (Center for Research and Elaboration on Democracy/International Legal Intervention Group)
  51. Cultura è Libertà (Italy)
  52. Diensten en Onderzoek Centrum Palestina (Netherlands)
  53. Disabilities Representative Persons Network (Gaza)
  54. Disciples Palestine Israel Network
  55. Eclipse Rising
  56. El-Wedad Society for Community Rehabilitation (WSCR)
  57. End the Deadly Exchange—Seattle
  58. European Legal Support Center
  59. Faces of Feminism – Georgia State University
  60. Falastiniyat Seattle
  61. FIDH – International Federation for Human Rights
  62. Filastiniyat Organization
  63. Finnish-Arab Friendship Society
  64. Forum Civil Peace Service
  65. Friends of Sabeel North America – FOSNA
  66. Gaza Action Ireland
  67. Gaza Urban & Peri-urban Agriculture Platform (GUPAP)
  68. Giovani Palestinesi d’Italia
  69. Global Kairos Asia Pacific Solidarity for Palestine (GKAPS)
  70. Global Kairos for Justice Coalition
  71. Global Legal Action Network
  72. Global Network of Movement Lawyers
  73. Good Shepherd Collective
  74. Grassroots Al-Quds
  75. Grassroots International
  76. Harvard Law School Palestine Trek
  77. Horyzon (Switzerland)
  78. Human Rights & Democracy Media Center (SHAMS)
  79. ICAHD (The Israeli Committee Against House Demolitions)
  80. ICAHD Finland
  81. ICAHD UK
  82. IECD (l’Institut européen de coopération et de développement)
  83. IfNotNow
  84. Independent Jewish Voices Canada
  85. Indo-Palestine Solidarity Network
  86. International Association of Democratic Lawyers (IADL)
  87. International Jewish Anti-Zionist Network (IJAN)
  88. International Organization for the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination (EAFORD)
  89. Ireland-Palestine Solidarity Campaign
  90. Israel Palestine Mission Network of the Presbyterian Church (USA)
  91. Italian Association Democratic Jurists
  92. Jewish Voice for Just Peace (Ireland)
  93. Jewish Voice for Peace
  94. Jewish Voice for Peace-New York City
  95. Jews for Palestinian Right of Return
  96. Just Peace Advocates/Mouvement Pour Une Paix Juste
  97. Just Vision
  98. Justice for Palestinians, Calgary
  99. Kairos Palestine
  100. Labor for Palestine
  101. Lawyers for Palestinian Human Rights
  102. MA’AN Development Center
  103. Maghazi Community Rehabilitation Society (MCRS)/Community Development Foundation
  104. Middle East Children’s Alliance
  105. Na’amod: British Jews against Occupation
  106. National Association of Democratic Lawyers (NADEL) – South Africa
  107. National Lawyers Guild
  108. National Lawyers Guild – NYU Chapter
  109. National Lawyers’ Guild – Yale Law School chapter
  110. National Lawyers Guild, Palestine Subcommittee
  111. National Students for Justice in Palestine
  112. New York University Law Women
  113. Niagara Movement for justice in Palestine-Israel (NMJPI)
  114. Norwegian People’s Aid
  115. Norwegian Union of Municipal and General Employees – Fagforbundet
  116. NOVACT — International Institute for Nonviolent Action
  117. NY4Palestine
  118. NYU Law Ending the Prison Industrial Complex
  119. NYU Law International Refugee Assistance Project
  120. NYU Law Students for Justice in Palestine
  121. NYU Middle Eastern Law Students Association
  122. NYU OUTLaw
  123. Oakville Palestinian Rights Association
  124. Observatori DESC (Barcelona)
  125. Ontario BDS
  126. Palestina Solidariteit vzw, Belgium
  127. Palestine Action Committee of Texas
  128. Palestine Solidarity Campaign UK
  129. Palestine Solidarity Committee – Austin, Texas
  130. Palestine Solidarity Network Edmonton
  131. Palestine Writes
  132. Palestinian Canadian Academics and Artists Network
  133. Palestinian Centre for Human Rights (PCHR)
  134. Palestinian Christian Alliance for Peace
  135. Palestinian Family Planning and Protection Association (PFPPA)
  136. Palestinian Non-Governmental Organizations Network (PNGO)
  137. Palestinian Women Development Society
  138. Palestinian Working Woman for Development (PWWSD)
  139. Palestinian Youth Movement (PYM)
  140. PAN Asia Pacific
  141. Pax Christi Diözesanverband Rottenburg-Stuttgart
  142. Pax Christi England and Wales
  143. Pax Christi International
  144. Pax Christi Nahostkommission, Germany
  145. Paz con Dignidad (Spain)
  146. Peace Alliance Winnipeg
  147. Philippine Alliance of Human Rights Advocates, Inc. (PAHRA)
  148. Project South
  149. Ramallah Center for Human Rights Studies RCHRS
  150. Rhode Island School of Design (RISD) Students for Justice in Palestine
  151. Rochester Witness for Palestine, Inc.
  152. Sadaka-the Ireland Palestine Alliance
  153. Samidoun Palestinian Prisoner Solidarity Network
  154. Scottish Palestine Solidarity Campaign
  155. Sheffield Labour Friends of Palestine
  156. Socio-Economic Rights Institute of South Africa
  157. SODePAZ (Spain)
  158. Solutions Not Punishment Collaborative (SNaP Co.)
  159. South Asian Law Students Association, NYU School of Law
  160. Stop the Wall – the Palestinian Grassroots Anti-Apartheid Wall Campaign
  161. Students for Justice in Palestine at Occidental College
  162. Students for Justice in Palestine Chicago
  163. The Agricultural Development Association (PARC)
  164. The Black and Brown Coalition of PHL
  165. The Civic Coalition for Palestinian Rights in Jerusalem (CCPRJ)
  166. The Jerusalem Legal Aid and Human Rights Center (JLAC)
  167. The National Centre for Community Rehabilitation (NCCR)
  168. The National Society for Rehabilitation- Gaza strip
  169. The O’odham Anti- Border Collective
  170. The Palestine Institute for Public Diplomacy
  171. The Palestine Project
  172. The Palestinian Center for Organic Agriculture
  173. The Palestinian Developmental Women Studies Association (PDWSA)
  174. The Palestinian Human Rights Organizations Council (PHROC)
  175. The Palestinian Initiative for the Promotion of Global Dialogue and Democracy-MIFTAH
  176. The Red Nation
  177. The Rights Forum
  178. Trade Union Friends of Palestine, Ireland
  179. U.S. Palestinian Community Network (USPCN)
  180. Ukrainian Association of Democratic Lawyers
  181. Union of Palestinian Women Committees (UPWC)
  182. Unite the Union Rep of Ireland
  183. United Church of Christ Palestine Israel Network
  184. United Methodists for Kairos Response (UMKR)
  185. United Network for Justice and Peace in Palestine-Israel
  186. US Campaign for Palestinian Rights
  187. US Campaign for the Academic and Cultural Boycott of Israel
  188. Vegans for BDS
  189. Vrede vzw
  190. War on Want
  191. Women’s Centre for Legal Aid and Counselling



  1. For more detailed background on the current situation facing the Palestinian residents of Sheikh Jarrah, see Al-Haq and others, ‘Joint Urgent Appeal to the United Nations Special Procedures on Forced Evictions in East Jerusalem’ (10 March 2021) <> accessed 09 April 2021; The Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, ‘UN expert calls for reversal of Israel’s eviction order against 16 Palestinian families’ ( 11 January 2021) <> accessed 09 April 2021; European Union, ‘Six Month Report on Israeli Settlements in the occupied West Bank, including East Jerusalem’ (4 February 2019) at: <> accessed 09 April 2021 (“Sheikh Jarrah is one in a ring of Palestinian neighbourhoods where displacement activities are increased in order to deepen Israeli control”).
  2. ICC, ‘Statement of the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court, Fatou Bensouda, regarding the Situation in Palestine’ (17 October 2018) <> accessed 09 April 2021.
  3. Situation in the State of Palestine, Decision on the ‘Prosecution request pursuant to article 19(3) for a ruling on the Court’s territorial jurisdiction in Palestine’ ICC-01/18, (5 February 2021) <> accessed 09 April 2021.
  4. ICC, ‘Statement of ICC Prosecutor, Fatou Bensouda, respecting an investigation of the Situation in Palestine’ (3 March 2021) <> accessed 09 April 2021.
  5. Legal and Administrative Arrangements Law, 1970 <> accessed 09 April 2021.
  6. Ir Amim, ‘Evictions and Settlement Plans in Sheikh Jarrah: The Case of Shimon HaTzadik’ (25 June 2009) <> accessed 09 April 2021.
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